Vision correction is a general term used to describe a variety of optometric techniques for correcting refractive error, or less-than-perfect vision. We have included a brief description of some of the most common types of refractive error and the ways to correct them at Eyes In The Park.
Nearsightedness, medically known as myopia, refers to vision that is good at close range but not at a distance. It generally occurs because the eyeball is too “long” as measured from front to back.
Nearsightedness is diagnosed during routine eye exams and possible treatments include eyeglasses, contacts, LASIK, and photorefractive keratotomy (PRK). Dr. Goble will provide options that best suit you.
Farsightedness, medically known as hyperopia, refers to vision that is good at a distance but not at close range. Farsightedness occurs when the eyeball is shorter than normal, as measured from front to back, or when the cornea has too little curvature. These will cause light to converge behind the retina, rather than on it.
If you are mildly farsighted, Dr. Goble may not recommend corrective treatment at all. However, if you are moderately or severely hyperopic, you may have treatment options available, including eyeglasses and/or contacts. Dr. Goble will provide options that best suit you.
Astigmatism is an uneven or irregular curvature of the cornea or lens, which results in blurred or distorted vision. Other symptoms of astigmatism include the need to squint, eye strain from squinting, headaches and eye fatigue.
In reality, most people have some degree of astigmatism, which is usually present at birth and is believed to be hereditary. In minor cases, treatment may not be required but is certainly beneficial. Moderate to severe astigmatism can be treated with corrective eyewear or LASIK surgery.
Presbyopia is a condition in which the lens of the eye gradually loses its flexibility, making it harder to focus clearly on close objects such as printed words. Distance vision, on the other hand, is usually not affected.
Presbyopia is an inevitable part of aging and cannot be prevented by diet, lifestyle or visual habits. However, it is treatable with several types of corrective lenses, including progressives, bifocals and trifocals, single-vision reading glasses, multifocal contact lenses and monovision therapy. Dr. Goble will work with you to find the best correction solution for you.